4) Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s “May 4th” Speech Is A Turning Point For The Escalation Of Unrest
Comrade Zhao Ziyang, as the general secretary of the Communist Party of China, took a fickle and capricious attitude when the turmoil was nearly over. Originally, during his visit to North Korea, when members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau asked for his opinions, he telegraphed clearly that he “fully agreed with Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s decision on dealing with the current turmoil”. After returning to China on April 30, he once again said at the meeting of the Standing Committee of the political bureau that he agreed with Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s speech and the nature of the unrest in the editorial on April 26, and believed that the handling of the student unrest in the previous paragraph was good. However, a few days later, when he met with the representatives of the Asian Bank’s annual meeting on the afternoon of May 4, he made an opinion totally opposite to the decision of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau, Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s speech and the spirit of the editorial. First, when there has been obvious turmoil, he said that “there will be no major turmoil in China”; second, when a large number of facts have proved that the essence of the turmoil is to deny the leadership of the Communist Party and the socialist system, he also insisted that “they absolutely do not want to oppose our fundamental system, but to ask us to eliminate the shortcomings in our work”; third, in the context of a large number of facts, he insisted that the essence of the turmoil is to deny the leadership of the Communist Party and the socialist system. All sorts of facts have shown that when a very few people use the student unrest to instigate the demonstration, he only says that “it is inevitable” and “some people attempt to use it”, thus fundamentally denying the correct judgment of the Central Committee that a very small number of people are already creating unrest. Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s speech was drafted by Bao Tong in advance. Bao Tong also asked the Central People’s broadcasting station and television station to broadcast immediately in the afternoon of the same day, and to broadcast for three consecutive days; he also asked the People’s Daily to be prominently published on the front page the next day, and at the same time to publish a large number of correct reflections from all aspects. However, different opinions are not allowed to be published in internal reference books. Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s speech, greatly exaggerated by the People’s Daily and some newspapers, caused serious ideological confusion among the broad masses of cadres and the masses, bolstering the morale of the organizers and planners of the turmoil.
Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s speech is quite different from the Central Committee’s policy. This has not only aroused extensive discussion at home, but also made it clear to the public opinion abroad. In a report, Reuters said Zhao’s speech “contrasts sharply with the severe condemnation of students a week ago” and “a major revision of last week’s judgment.”. The French “Le Monde” on May 6 also pointed out that “the head of the Party (referring to Zhao Ziyang) seems to have excellently made the development of the situation favorable to him”. After the speech was put out, leading cadres at all levels, Party members and League members, as well as the backbone of the masses, especially comrades in Colleges and universities, felt confused ideologically and at a loss in their work. Many people objected. Some people said, “there are two voices from the Central Committee. Who is right and who is wrong is subject to whom?” Some people say, “we should be in line with the Central Committee, and which one?” Some said, “Ziyang is good at the top, but we are the villains at the bottom.” School cadres and student backbones generally think that they have been “betrayed”. They feel very heavy. Some of them shed tears and the school work is totally passive. At that time, the situation of the Beijing Municipal Party committee and the Municipal People’s government was very difficult. Knowing that the opinions of the Central Committee were not consistent, they had to say against their will that they were consistent, just because “the emphasis is different.”. Many things need to be asked for instructions from the Central Committee, but Comrade Zhao Ziyang, as general secretary, has not held a meeting. At the strong request of the Beijing Municipal Party committee and the Municipal People’s government, a meeting was held on May 8, but did not listen to the report from Beijing. At the meeting, some comrades reflected that Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s talk on May 4 was inconsistent with the spirit of the editorial on April 26. He said in a stern voice: “I made a mistake and I am responsible.” At another meeting, some comrades reflected that comrades working in the front line all said that they were “betrayed”, and Comrade Zhao Ziyang angrily asked, “who has betrayed you? Only in the cultural revolution can people be betrayed. ” At that time, many members of the Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Municipal People’s government were responsible for lying to the people’s government at that time We are seeing that the situation is getting worse and worse, and some measures can not be carried out even if we want to.
On the contrary, the organizers and planners of the unrest received encouragement from Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s talk. Yan Jiaqi, Cao Siyuan (director of the Development Research Institute of Sitong company) and others said: “now there is a turning point. We should mobilize the intellectual community to support Zhao Ziyang.” Zhang Xianyang said: “not to use students, Zhao Ziyang will use it now.” At the instigation of Comrade Zhao Ziyang and the planning of a few people, the leaders of the “autonomous association” of Peking University and Normal University announced a new strike that night. Many schools also announced to continue the strike, and organized “pickets” to prohibit students willing to resume classes from going to the classroom. Then there was a new wave of demonstrations. On May 9, hundreds of journalists from more than 30 news organizations marched on the streets and submitted petitions. Tens of thousands of students from more than ten universities, including Peking University, Tsinghua University, Renmin University, Normal university and University of Political Science and Law, took to the streets again to demonstrate, support journalists, distribute leaflets, and encourage strikes and hunger strikes. From then on, the situation suddenly reversed and the turmoil reached a climax again. Under the influence of Beijing, the situation in the field, which has been stabilized, has become tense again. Shortly after Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s speech, on May 9 and 10, a large number of demonstration students attacked the provincial Party committee and the provincial government, and the International Economic and Technological Cooperation Fair, Import and Export Commodity Fair and Folk Art Festival, which were being held at that time, had a very bad impact both at home and abroad.
5) The Threat Of A Hunger Strike Exacerbated The Unrest
The good people asked whether the government didn’t understand them enough, the caring was not enough, and the concessions were not enough? This is not the case at all. From the beginning of the turmoil, the party and the government fully affirmed the patriotic enthusiasm of the majority of young students and their concern for the country and the people. They fully affirmed that the requirements of promoting democracy, deepening reform, punishing official turnover and eliminating corruption are consistent with the wishes of the party and the government, and hope to solve problems through the normal procedures of democracy and legal system. However, this kind of good wish has not been responded positively. The government has proposed that it hopes to communicate ideas and enhance understanding through multi-channel, multi-level and multi-form dialogues, while illegal student organizations have put forward high prices for dialogue conditions. They demanded that the participants of the dialogue “must be members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee, the vice chairman of the National People’s Congress, and the vice premier of the State Council or above.” each dialogue “must issue a joint announcement and be jointly signed by both sides.” the dialogue should be held in rotation at places designated by the government and student representatives respectively. “. What kind of dialogue is this? It’s all a gesture of political negotiation with the party and the government. In particular, after Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s “May 4th” speech, a very small number of people took advantage of this opportunity to regard the restraint of the party and the government as weak and deceptive, asking higher prices and more harsh conditions, thus fueling the unrest and upgrading it step by step. Even under such circumstances, the party and the government still adopt a very tolerant and restrained attitude, hoping to continue to maintain the channel of dialogue, so as to help educate the masses and win the majority. At 2:00 a.m. on May 13, the head of the “Gao Zilian” put forward a request for dialogue. At 4:00 a.m., the general office of the CPC Central Committee and the general office of the State Council agreed. However, after dawn, they broke their promise and cancelled the dialogue. On the morning of May 13, the letters and calls Bureau of the general office of the CPC Central Committee, the general office of the State Council and the general office of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress again informed them that they decided to have a dialogue with the students on the 15th. On the one hand, they agreed. On the other hand, they made a great contribution to the number of participants. First, they proposed a list of 20 people. After the government agreed, they asked to increase the number to 200. Before full discussion, they accused the government of “insincerity in the dialogue”. Only four hours after receiving the notice of the dialogue, they rushed out the prepared “hunger strike declaration” and launched an event with more than 3000 people participated in the hunger strike, which occupied Tiananmen Square for a long time. Wang Dan, the head of the “The Autonomous Federation of University Students”, said that the hunger strike would begin on the 13th, “just in time for Gorbachev’s visit to China to suppress them.”. A small number of organizers and planners of the unrest took the students on hunger strike as “hostages”, risked their lives and took extremely bad measures to blackmail the government to make the unrest more serious.
In the process of students’ hunger strike, the party and the government continued to maintain an extremely restrained attitude and made every effort to do what they could in all aspects. First of all, school staff, leading cadres at all levels, and even party and state leaders visited the students on hunger strike in Tiananmen Square for many times to conduct ideological counseling on them. The second is to assist the Red Cross Society, has deployed more than 100 ambulances, deployed hundreds of medical and health personnel, guarding the fasting scene day and night, and mobilized 52 hospitals to vacate nearly 2000 beds, to ensure that students who suffer from hunger strike or illness receive timely rescue and treatment. The third is to provide all kinds of materials to reduce the suffering of students on hunger strike and ensure their safety. The Beijing Municipal Party committee and the Municipal People’s government dispatched cadres, workers and vehicles to transport drinking water and provide salt and sugar for students on hunger strike day and night through the Red Cross Society; the environmental sanitation bureau dispatched water sprinklers, equipped with washbasins and towels for students on hunger strike to wash; pharmaceutical companies transferred sufficient anti heatstroke, cold, and anti diarrhea drugs to the Red Cross for distribution; food departments delivered large quantities of drinks Materials, bread, etc. were used for emergency rescue of students; 6000 straw hats were dispatched by the commercial department, and 1000 quilts were transported by the Beijing Military Region at the request of Beijing Municipality for students on hunger strike to escape the summer heat in the daytime and keep out the cold at night; in order to maintain the hygiene of the hunger strike site, temporary flushing toilets were set up, and sanitation workers also cleaned the hunger strike site in the middle of the night; before the heavy rain on the 18th, the public transportation was carried out. The head office transferred 78 buses and more than 400 planks from the Materials Bureau for the students on hunger strike to shelter themselves from the rain and tide.
During the 7-day hunger strike, there were no deaths of students due to hunger strike. However, all these have not received any positive response. Facts have repeatedly taught the people that a very small number of organizers and planners of the turmoil are determined to fight against us to the end. They can tolerate a thousand times and retreat 10000 steps, and they can not solve the problem.
What needs to be specially pointed out here is that under the circumstances of the rapid deterioration of the situation, Comrade Zhao Ziyang not only did not do what he should do, but also incited the press to conduct a wrong direction of public opinion, making the already deteriorating situation more difficult to deal with. On May 6, Comrade Zhao Ziyang told Hu Qili and Rui Xingwen, who were in charge of the propaganda and ideological work of the Central Committee at that time, that the coverage of the school tide was “relaxed a little, the parade was reported, and the degree of publicity of the news increased a little, and the risk was not great.”. He even said: “in the face of the aspirations of the people at home and the international trend of progress, we can only make the best use of the situation.”. Here, he called the counter current of anti Communist and anti socialist as “the aspiration of the domestic people” and “the trend of international progress”. His instructions were conveyed to the main news units in the capital on the same day, and then deployed many times. In this way, many central newspapers and periodicals such as the people’s daily fully affirmed and actively supported the marches, sit ins and hunger strikes, and carried out numerous and even exaggerated reports. Even Hong Kong newspapers were surprised by this strange phenomenon.
Under the erroneous guidance of public opinion, since May 15, more and more people have been marching in the streets to support students, and their momentum has grown from tens of thousands to hundreds of thousands. More than 200,000 students from all over the country have come to support them. For a time, it seems that not participating in the parade is “unpatriotic”, and not expressing support is “not caring about the life and death of students”. In this case, the students on the hunger strike can not stop. Many teachers and students’ parents wrote letters to the leading organs and news organizations, called on newspapers, radio stations and television stations not to force students on hunger strike to death, asked to be kind, save the children, and stop this “killing public opinion”, but it had no effect. As a result of student hunger strikes and public demonstrations, social order in the capital, Beijing, has fallen into chaos. The world-famous high-level meeting between China and the Soviet Union has been seriously disrupted. Some of the activity schedules have been changed and some have been cancelled. At the same time, since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the number of marches in small and medium-sized cities across the country has increased dramatically, even in some large cities.
In order to support students and fuel the unrest, some so-called “elites” who stubbornly adhere to the position of bourgeois liberalization have taken to the front stage barefooted. On the evening of May 13, Yan Jiaqi, Su Shaozhi, Bao Zunxin and others posted a big character newspaper “we can’t be silent any more” at Peking University, mobilizing intellectuals to participate in the march in support of students’ hunger strike initiated by them. On May 14, 12 people, including Yan Jiaqi, Bao Zunxin, Li Honglin, Dai Qing (reporter of Guangming Daily), Yu Haocheng (former president of mass Publishing House), Li Zehou (researcher of Philosophy Institute of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences), Su Xiaokang (Lecturer of Beijing Broadcasting University), Wen Yuankai (Professor of China University of Science and Technology), Liu Zaifu (director of Literature Institute of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences) issued the ‘Our urgent appeal for today’s situation’, demanding that illegal student organizations be declared legal, saying that if they fail to meet the requirement, they will also join the hunger strike. This appeal was published in Guangming Daily and broadcast on CCTV. These people also went to Tiananmen Square many times to make speeches, incite and slander our government as “an incompetent government”, and said that the student hunger strike “saw the glorious future of China”. Then, it formed an illegal “Capital Intellectual Association” and issued the May 16 statement, threatening that if the government does not accept the political demands of a few people, “it will most likely lead a promising China to the abyss of real turmoil.”
As the situation became more and more serious day by day, Comrade Zhao Ziyang took the opportunity to meet Gorbachev on May 16 and consciously directed the spearhead of the struggle to Comrade Deng Xiaoping, which further worsened the situation. At the beginning of the meeting, he said: “on the most important issues, Comrade Deng Xiaoping still needs to be at the helm. Since the Thirteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China, when dealing with the most important issues, we have always informed Comrade Deng Xiaoping and consulted him. ” He also said that this was the “first time” that he had publicly disclosed the “decision” of the Chinese party. The next day, Yan Jiaqi, Bao Zunxin and others issued the extremely rampant and vicious “5.17 Declaration”. They cursed: “because the dictator had unlimited power, the government had lost its responsibility and humanity.” the Qing Dynasty had been dead for 76 years, but there was still an emperor without the title of emperor in China, an old and fatuous dictator. “. “Yesterday afternoon, general secretary Zhao Ziyang publicly announced that all China’s decisions must go through this old dictator.” they yelled: “politics of the elderly must end! The dictator must resign! ” For this extremely reactionary clamor. Some newspapers and magazines in Hong Kong and Taiwan echoed each other. Hong Kong’s “Express” published an article on May 18, which said that “Zhao Ziyang’s speech is full of hints, and the current domestic smoky atmosphere is all caused by Deng Xiaoping’s helm” and “the current turbulent situation is going to bring down Deng and Li, and Zhao Ziyang’s role can be said to be ready to come out.”. He also said that “if the fall of Deng Xiaoping is successful, and China’s reform can really embark on the road of enlightened rule of law and realize democracy, it will be good news for Hong Kong.”. In the roar of this school, there are numerous slogans that curse Comrade Deng Xiaoping and attack Comrade Li Peng. Some asked for “Deng Xiaoping to step down” and some propose that “Li Peng step down, thank the country and the people”. At the same time, slogans such as “support Zhao Ziyang”, “long live Zhao Ziyang” and “Zhao Ziyang be promoted to the chairman of the Military Commission” and other slogans filled the parade and Tiananmen Square. The turmoil planners tried to take advantage of chaos to seize power. They distributed leaflets declaring the establishment of the “Preparatory Committee of the Beijing Municipal People’s Congress of all sectors” to replace the Municipal People’s Congress, and advocated the establishment of a “Beijing district government” to replace the legitimate Beijing Municipal People’s government. They attacked the State Council elected according to law as a “puppet government”, rumored that more than a dozen ministries such as the Ministry of foreign affairs had “declared independence” and separated from the State Council, and more than 30 countries in the world had severed diplomatic relations with China. They also made a rumor that “Deng Xiaoping has stepped down”, so some people carried the coffin to March, burned the simulation of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, and set off firecrackers in Tiananmen Square to celebrate their “victory”.
The situation in the capital is becoming more and more serious, anarchism is rampant, and many places have fallen into chaos and white terror. In this case, if our party and government do not take resolute and decisive measures, it will seriously delay the opportunity again and cause irreparable huge losses, which the broad masses of the people will never allow.
6) Martial Law In Some Parts Of Beijing Is The Right Measure That As To Be Taken
In order to ensure the social peace of Beijing, protect the safety of citizens’ lives and property, and ensure the normal performance of official duties by the central government organs and the Beijing municipal government, the State Council has decided to set up some areas of Beijing in accordance with the power granted by Article 89, item 16, of the constitution of the People’s Republic of China, in the case that the police force in Beijing is seriously insufficient and cannot maintain normal production, work and living, the order of Martial law was imposed. This is an unavoidable measure and a decisive and correct decision.
On May 19, the Central Committee held a meeting of cadres of the party, government and military organs in the capital, announcing the decision to take further decisive measures to stop the unrest. Comrade Zhao Ziyang stubbornly sticks to the wrong position that is opposite to the correct decision-making of the Central Committee. He neither agrees to speak with Comrade Li Peng at the meeting, nor does he agree to preside over the meeting, or even to attend a meeting. He openly exposes his attitude of splitting up with the party to the whole party, the whole country and the whole world.
Before that, on May 17, members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee discussed the issue of martial law in some parts of Beijing. Because of the political needs of the counter revolution, a very small number of people who held the party’s and state’s core secrets leaked the secrets of martial law on the same day. A person working next to Comrade Zhao Ziyang said to the head of the illegal student organization that ‘now the army wants to “suppress” you, and others agree, that is, Zhao Ziyang opposes it. You should be prepared.’ On the evening of the 17th, Bao Tong held a meeting. After disclosing the secrets of the impending martial law, Bao Tong delivered a “farewell speech” warning the participants not to disclose the plot at the meeting to others, otherwise they would be “traitors” or “Judas”. On May 19, it was Gao Shan, deputy director of the political system reform research office, who rushed to the Institute of economic restructuring and delivered the so-called “upper” instructions to those in the meeting. Later, under the chairmanship of Chen Yiya (director of the Institute of Economic Restructuring), the six point statement on the current situation was drafted in the name of the Institute of Economic Restructuring, the Development Research Institute of the Agricultural Research Center of the State Council, the Institute of International Issues of CITIC Corporation, and the Beijing Youth Economic Society. The six point statement was broadcast in Tiananmen Square and widely distributed. The statement called for “making public the decision-making insides and differences of senior leaders”, called for “convening a special session of the National People’s Congress” and “convening a special congress of the Communist Party of China”, and instructed students in Tiananmen Square to “end the hunger strike as soon as possible”, implying that the government would “take extreme actions (military control)”. Then, some people who claimed to be from the “Sports and Political Commissar” rushed to Tiananmen Square to give a speech, saying that “with great grief and indignation, an absolutely true news has been released that general secretary Zhao Ziyang has been removed”, calling on the national strike and market strike, and inciting the masses to “take immediate action and carry out a decisive struggle”. The speech was soon printed as an extra of the People’s Daily and widely distributed. On that night, a leaflet entitled “some opinions on the strategy of school sports” was also found in public places such as Beijing Railway Station Square, indicating that “at present, hunger strike dialogue is no longer our means and requirement. It should be changed to sit quietly and put forward new political requirements and slogans with a clear-cut banner, namely: (1) Comrade Zhao Ziyang can’t leave; (2) the National Congress of the Communist Party of China will be held immediately Special meeting; (3) to hold a special session of the National People’s Congress immediately “, and said that” we should not adopt the attitude of being anxious and frightened when the army arrives. “This attitude and way of treating the army should be explained and publicized repeatedly to the students before they arrive.”. Recently, some leaders of the “The Autonomous Federation of University Students” and “The Autonomous Federation of Workers” who have been arrested and brought to justice have also given an account. At about 4:00 p.m. on May 19, some people claimed to be staff members of a central organ and went to the “Tiananmen Square headquarters” with a note, revealing that martial law was about to be implemented. It is a very small number of people who hold the party’s and state’s core secrets closely combined with the organizers and planners of the unrest, so that they can adjust their strategies in time, and announce that the hunger strike will be changed into a sit in 45 minutes before the Central Committee holds the capital party, government and army cadres’ meeting that night. This creates the illusion that since students have stopped fasting, the government does not need to be under martial law to confuse the masses by organizing forces. People who don’t know the truth are forced to set up roadblocks at all major intersections to block military vehicles, so as to continue to organize public opinion, confuse people and disturb people’s minds. On the one hand, they maliciously cursed Comrade Deng Xiaoping and other proletarian revolutionaries of the older generation, saying that “we do not want Deng Xiaoping’s wisdom and experience”, on the one hand, they touted Comrade Zhao Ziyang, saying that “the party has no Ziyang, and the country has no hope”, calling for “returning our Ziyang”. They also conspired to gather strength and create greater unrest. They claimed that they would mobilize 200,000 people to occupy Tiananmen Square and organize a city wide general strike on May 20. They also cooperated with Comrade Zhao Ziyang’s illness and asked for leave for three days on the 19th, threatening to establish a “new government” in three days.
Under extremely urgent circumstances, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council resolutely decided to impose martial law in some parts of the capital from 10 am on the 20th, so as to prevent the situation from getting worse, grasp the initiative to stop the unrest, and support the masses of people who are against the turmoil and yearn for stability. However, as our decision-making has been mastered by the organizers and planners of the turmoil, we still encounter great difficulties and obstacles in entering the city. On the eve of the martial law and the first two days after the martial law, all major traffic intersections were blocked, more than 220 buses were hijacked as roadblocks, and the traffic was paralyzed, and all martial law forces could not enter the designated places in time as planned. The residences of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council continue to be besieged. Speeches incited on the streets can be seen everywhere. Leaflets that create rumors abound. Tens of thousands of people demonstrate in succession. Beijing, the capital, is in chaos and terror. In the next few days, the martial law forces entered the city in different ways. The armed police and the public security officers persisted in their duties despite all difficulties. Workers, citizens and government cadres were organized in all urban and suburban areas, and a mass order maintenance team of about 120,000 people was set up in the capital. The militia was also deployed in the remote suburban counties. Relying on the joint efforts of the army, the police and the people, the capital’s transportation and health were improved. The order of production and life has gradually improved, and people’s hearts have gradually become stable. However, the activities of a small number of people creating unrest have not stopped for a day, and the goal of overthrowing the leadership of the Communist Party has not changed at all. The situation is developing day by day in the direction of counter revolutionary riots.
After martial law, an important strategy of the organizers and planners of the unrest is to continue to occupy Tiananmen Square. They want to take the square as the so-called “center of the school movement and even the whole nation”. Once the government makes any decision, they are ready to “make a strong response” and “form a united front against the government”. They have long planned to stir up bloodshed in the square, believing that “as long as the government does not withdraw from the square, the government will carry out repression” and “bloodshed can arouse people’s awareness and disintegrate the government”. In order to support the situation in the square, they relied on funds provided by reactionary forces at home and abroad, constantly improved facilities and equipped with advanced communication tools. They spent more than 100,000 yuan a day and began to illegally purchase weapons. Relying on the tents provided by the Hong Kong solidarity group, they established the so-called “freedom village” in the square, opened the so-called “Democratic University”, and claimed to make it a “Whampoa Military Academy in the new era”. They also set up a goddess statue in front of the monument to the people’s heroes, which was originally called “the goddess of liberty”, and later renamed it “the God of Democracy”. They took American democracy and freedom as their spiritual pillar. Liu Xiaobo and other behind the scenes planners worried that the students who were willing to sit still would not be able to adhere to it, so they personally went to the front desk and made a 48-72-hour hunger strike farce attended by four people to cheer the young students on. They said: “as long as the flag of the square does not fall, we can persist in the struggle, radiate the whole country until the collapse of the government.”
The organizers and planners of the unrest continued to organize various illegal activities by taking advantage of the government’s attitude of restraint not to be adopted after the martial law. Following the illegal organizations such as the “The Autonomous Federation of University Students”, “The Autonomous Federation of Workers”, “hunger strike regiment”, “Tiananmen Square headquarters” and “Capital Intellectual Circles Federation”, they have successively established such illegal organizations as the “patriotic and constitutional alliance of all walks of life in the capital” and “the Beijing citizens’ Autonomous Association”. In the name of the Institute of economic restructuring, the Development Research Institute of the Agricultural Research Center of the State Council, and the Beijing Youth Economic Association, they openly cabled some troops to sow dissension and instigate rebellion. They organized special public opinion groups, organized underground newspapers and engaged in underground activities to subvert the government. They formed a diehard party and took an underground oath, claiming that “they would not betray their conscience, never yield to autocracy, and never submit to the emperor of China in the 1980s.”. Wan Runnan, general manager of Sitong company, held a meeting with some leaders of “The Autonomous Federation of University Students” in the international hotel, and put forward six conditions for withdrawing from Tiananmen Square, namely, “the army goes back, martial law is lifted, Li Peng steps down, Deng Xiaoping and Yang Shangkun retire, Zhao Ziyang returns”, and is ready to organize the so-called “triumphant march in midnight”. What is particularly serious is that after Comrade Zhao Ziyang asked for sick leave and left the post of general secretary, there is no hope of solving problems within the party. Instead, they hope to hold an emergency meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress. Yan Jiaqi and Bao Zunxin called the leaders of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, saying that “at present, the constitution has been brutally trampled on by a few people. We urgently suggest that an emergency meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress be held immediately to solve the serious problems currently faced.”. With the support and Inspiration of a member of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, the Sitong Institute for social development issued a consultation letter on “proposing to immediately hold an emergency meeting of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress”, solicited the signatures of some members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, and sent an urgent telegram to some members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress in other places. By means of conspiracy, when sending letters and telegrams to some members of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, they only suggested that the meeting should be held, rather than their real opinions. They tried to deceive some comrades who did not know the truth, or even embezzled their names to force others to sell their traitors. After doing these things, Yan Jiaqi and Bao Zunxin published in the Ming Pao of Hong Kong a “solution to the current problems in China on the track of democracy and legal system — a letter to Li Peng,” calling for “every member of the standing Committee of the National People’s Congress, every deputy to the National People’s Congress, cast a sacred vote, abolish martial law and remove Premier Li Peng from office.”
The organizers and planners of the unrest also beat and organized violence with impunity. They gathered together local ruffians, fugitives from other places, and unreformed released prisoners. They recruited people who had deep hatred for the Communist Party and the socialist system. They assembled terrorist organizations such as the so-called “death squads”, “Flying Tigers” and “volunteers”. They threatened to house arrest and kidnap party and state leaders, and to seize power by “attacking the Bastille”. They distributed leaflets to incite the rebellion of the counter revolutionary armed forces, advocated that “a single spark can start a prairie fire”, called for the organization of “the armed forces that may be called the people’s army”, “unite all kinds of forces including the Taiwan Kuomintang” and “spare no effort to shed blood on the Communist Party and its government.”. They threatened that “it is necessary to settle accounts after autumn”, to account for the party and the government, and to prepare a list of cadres to be suppressed. Hong Kong’s Ming Pao also published a “dialogue” between Liu Xiaobo, one of the organizers and planners of the unrest, and a so-called “leader of the mainland people’s movement” on June 2, openly shouting that “if we expect Zhao Ziyang to return, we must organize armed forces among the people”.
The various activities of the instigators of the turmoil have abundant financial resources as a counter shield. In addition to the material support of several hundred thousand yuan provided by the four links company and other units, it also received financial and material support from overseas hostile forces and some organizations and individuals. Some people in the United States, Britain and Hong Kong have given millions of US dollars and tens of millions of Hong Kong dollars. Part of this money is used to sabotage martial law activities. Everyone who participates in setting up roadblocks and blocking military vehicles can get 30 yuan a day. At the same time, they also made a high price to bribe the mobs, burn military vehicles and fight the PLA, promising to burn a military vehicle for 3000 yuan, and to capture or kill a soldier for several thousand yuan. An important military and political official in Taiwan launched the “send love to Tiananmen” campaign, taking the lead in donating NT $100,000. A central committee of the Kuomintang raised NT $100 million to set up the so-called “fund to support the democratic movement in the mainland.”. Some people in Taiwan’s art and cultural circles have launched “blood ties to support the democratic movement in the mainland.”. Beijing’s “The Autonomous Federation of University Students” wrote a letter to “friends from Taiwan’s art and cultural circles”, saying that “at this critical moment, we have learned that Taiwan’s art and cultural circles have come forward” and “we express our sincere gratitude and respect for the material and spiritual support that we urgently need.”.
All this shows that the turmoil caused by a very small number of people is planned, organized and premeditated. It is absolutely impossible that as long as the government makes some concessions, it can be calmed down, or the issue of martial law can solve the problem. They are determined to unite with overseas and foreign hostile forces. Fight us to the end. All wishful good wishes will only make them attack us more freely. The longer the delay, the greater the cost.